Energy Resources of India

Location

Net Recoverable
Reserve (BT)

Production/Supply (MT)/Year

 

 

Present
(31.03.05)

Projected
2006-07

India

248.00

376.78

430.00

Type of Resource : Oil

Location

Net Recoverable

Reserve (MMT)

Present Production/Supply (MMT) (31.03.2005)

India

739

34.00

Type of Resource : Gas

Location

Net Recoverable

Reserve (BCM)

Present Production/Supply (BCM) (31.03.2005)

India

923

26.28

Type of Resource : Hydro Power

Location

Theoretically
Feasible(MW)

Technically/Economically
Feasible(MW)

Production/Supply

 

 

 

Present
(MW) (31.03.05)

Balance Potential
(MW)

India

1,48,000

1,48,000

31,500

1,16,500

Type of Resource : Solar

Location
/Area

Energy
Incidence/
KWh/m 2 Day

Number of sunny days

Production/Supply

Present
(MW)
(31.03.05)

Projected
(MW)
2011-12

India

5

2300-3200 sunshine hours per year

2.64

150

Type of Resource : Wind Energy

Location
/Area

Estimated
Potential(MW)

Production/Supply(MW)

Present
(31.03.05)

Projected
2006-07

India

45,000

3,595

4,000

Type of Resource : Biomass , Wood fuel

Against an estimated potential of 12 million biogas plants , about 3.44 million family type plants have been set up so far, representing coverage of about 28% of the potential. In addition, about 4000 night soil based bio gas plants have been set up. These plants have helped save 44 lakh tones fuel wood , produced 450 lakh tones of manure every year.

Existing Institutional Arrangements

1) Agencies responsible for Planning of the Energy Sector

Energy Sources

Ministries / Agencies

Commercial Energy

Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas (P&NG), Ministry of Coal, Ministry of Power

Biomass Fuels

Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources (MNES)

Animal Draft Power

Renewable Energy (e.g. Solar Energy)

2 Agencies involved in Development and Management of the Energy Sector

Commercial Energy

Functions

Ministries / Agencies

1.1 Indigenous Fuels

 

A. Survey, geological mapping, exploration of minerals

Geological Survey of India

B. Leasing for extraction of minerals

Ministry of P&NG, Ministry of Coal

C. Exploration, production, transmission, distribution and marketing of energy related products

Ministry of P&NG, Ministry of Coal, Ministry of Power

C1 Exploration

 

Oil

Ministry of P&NG

Gas

-do-

Coal

Ministry of Coal

C2 Operation

 

Oil, Coal & Gas Fields

Ministry of P&NG, Ministry of Coal

C3 Transmission/Distribution

 

Oil

Ministry of P&NG

Gas

-do-

Coal

Ministry of Coal

C4 Marketing of

 

Oil

Ministry of P&NG

Functions

Ministries / Agencies

D. Research and training on oil, coal and gas

Ministry of P&NG, Ministry of Coal

 

 

1.2 Port of crude & petroleum products

 

A. Import of crude & petroleum products

Ministry of P&NG

B. Processing, Distribution & Marketing

-do-

C. Bitumen production

-do-

D. LPG Bottling

-do-

E. Lube oil

-do-

F. Petroleum products

-do-

1.3 Import and Distribution of LPG

-do-

1.4 Import and Distribution of Coal

Ministry of Coal

1.5 Electricity

 

A. Regulatory functions

Central Electricity Regulatory Commission

B. Generation

Ministry of Power, State Governments

C. Transmission

Ministry of Power, State Governments

D. Distribution

State Governments

E. Distribution in Rural Sector

State Governments

F. Distribution in Metropolitan Areas

State Governments

G. Importation and Distribution

Ministry of Power, State Governments

1.6 Energy Conservation

 

A. Energy Audit and Studies

Ministry of Power (Bureau of Energy Efficiency)

B. Any other

 

iomass fuels and Animal power

Functions

Ministries / Agencies

2.1 Production of Agricultural residues

State Governments

2.2 Development and Management of Forest Resources

Central Government/

State Governments

2.3 Development of Livestock Resources

State Governments

3. Development of other renewable energy sources

 

3.1 Hydro Power

MNES

3.2 Research and Demonstration of new renewable energy technologies

MNES